The State Agora was mainly used as a political centre were governmental discussions were carried out. A large number of graves, dating back to the 6th-7th centuries BC, a stone road and an archaic sarcophagus of terracotta were brought to light during excavations to the northeast of the Agora of Ephesus. Consequently, the northeast side of the State Agora must have been used as the Necropolis of Ephesus during the archaic period.
The State Agora of ancient Ephesus was 160 meters long and 73 meters wide. The north arcade of the Agora was the three-nave Basilica for the commercial business. A temple, possibly devoted to the Egyptian goddess Isis, had been built in the centre of the State Agora. It consisted of six columns to the wide side and ten columns to the long one. Its façade had been decorated with sculptures depicting scenes from the myth with Odysseus and the Cyclops Polyphemus. This temple was destroyed during Augustus’s reign and never restored as Augustus disliked anything related to Egypt. The sculptors of the façade are currently exhibited at the Museum of Ephesus.