The Market Basilica was a 160 m long arcade, to the north of the State Agora. Initially, it consisted of Ionic order columns, dividing the arcade into three naves. During Augustus’s Empire, the columns changed to the Corinthian order. It was connected with Various Bath via three gates to a stoa towards the Bath.This basilica was used for commercial activities as well as for meetings of the law courts.
The Market Basilica of Ephesus city was erected in the 1st century AD, during the reign of Augustus. Statues of the Emperor Augustus and his wife, Livia, were brought to light at the east side of the basilica. Nowadays, they are hosted at the Museum of Ephesus.