The Magnesia Gate had been built to the side of the road that connected Ephesus with Magnesia. It consisted of three openings two of which (the side ones) were used by pedestrians while the middle one was used for horses and chariots. Two square towers had been erected on each side of the gate and a courtyard was located inside the gated. Another gate had been constructed after the courtyard in order to secure the city against invaders. So, if the enemies managed to enter the Magnesia Gate, they would have to gather, almost trapped, in the courtyard in order to damage the second gate as well. This would help Ephesians fight them in a more effective way.

 

Ephesus city - Magnesia Gate

Ancient Ephesus Magnesian Gate